Knight Lisbon merchant, played an important role in voyages of exploration of the African coast.

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particularly during the period in force the Coast lease of Guinea (1468 1473).
It may have been an ennobled merchant before the beginning of his speech the king’s service. Rui
Pina citation just as a citizen of Lisbon, but Barros adds honored citizen of Lisbon. Your
name was already associated with African treatment on 12 April 1455 when he was appointed receiver of the
Moors, Moorish and goods that come from Guinea rescue. Barros refereo also in the conquest.
Alcacer Ceguer (1458). Reportedly before had served D. Afonso V in Ceuta. Scattered documentation refers
to him as squire of the Royal House at least since 4 September 1469. He was knighted when
conquest of Asilah in 1471. The December 14, 1472 received permission for him and his
escorts could use swords and all other weapons that you prouver defensive and offensive,
the duration of the lease agreement with the Crown.
It was in the late 60 of the fifteenth century that Ferdinand Gomes took a major role in the expansion
Overseas, celebrating, in 1468 a five-year contract with Alfonso V. Barros states that the
contract was signed in November 1469, a date that seems unlikely, since it appears that the contract.
It lasted six years and that on 31 August 1474 no longer prevailed. Luis de Albuquerque, defending the position of João de Barros, hypothesizes that the contract actually only lasted five years, despite prolonged
by one year to 1 June 1473. However, Barros’s statement is inconsistent with other data, which
1468 point to the start of Ferdinand Gomes business, and you can be an inaccuracy by the
author of Asian decades or so the document date for this consultation actually be November
1469, being a late formalization of a contract already underway.
The contract provided for the Guinean trade monopoly of the lease Fernão Gomes, with the exception of
treatment of Arguin and earth firm in front of the archipelago of Cape Verde, in return for an annual payment to
Crown 200 000 annual reis. By contrast, the tenant comprometiase doing explore annually
hundred leagues from the African coast to the south of Guinea, from the Mata de Santa Maria, reached the limit of travel
Pedro browser Sintra and Soeiro da Costa. The Crown reserved for itself the monopoly of ivory resale
priced at 1500 reis per quintal, which Jonathan Gomes would have to fully give in to Martim Eanes of
Boaviagem, whom the king had granted the exclusive sale of this product in Portugal. For over one hundred thousand reis
annual, Jonathan Gomes came to still get the exclusive chilli trade, which was usually also
monopoly of the Crown.
It should be noted the importance of this lease as part of the overseas policy of D. Afonso V
in relation to the exploration of the African coast, often overlooked in the face of their campaigns
Moroccan. The requirement to send ships to explore the African coast and lower income imposed on

Ferdinand Gomes are symptomatic of D. Afonso V decidedly bet on overseas expansion, preferring to sell
of the direct revenues of the Crown so as to achieve greater results through a private. In 1472,
representatives of municipalities asked the king to terminate the contract with Ferdinand Gomes, suggesting
that the Crown would profit by charging more rights to each merchant to attend the coast of Guinea, but
King refused the proposal, since it came against his absolute control policy south of the Boujdour region,
although for the moment by a tenant.
However, it would appear that the exploration trips have taken greater control of the Crown than assumed. Per
example, the document of 1 June 1473, attesting the contract extension for another year (and
is known, unlike the original contract), only confirms its initial duration and the amounts involved,
making no reference to exploration trips that should be promoted by Fernão Gomes.
Juntese this the chroniclers Duarte Pacheco Pereira and Rui de Pina that assign the responsibility of
trips to the king. Similarly, Duarte Pacheco Pereira and João de Barros refer the captains of the caravels
Soeiro da Costa, João de Santarém, Pêro Escobar, Jonathan Powder and Rui de Sequeira as horsemen of the Royal House.
it is for concluding that Ferdinand Gomes, meanwhile also knighted of the House, has been the voyages of exploration of financing promoted by King Afonso V, although nothing proves that he has been the only
guiding this process.

There are not many details of the voyages of exploration carried out under its umbrella. It is known that
They had very clear commercial objectives, as shown by the designations given by
browsers to parts of the coast of Guinea who were exploring, focusing on core goods contained therein
obtained through trade with the natives: Malagueta Coast (now Liberia), Ivory Coast,
Gold Coast (Ghana), the Slave Coast (Togo and Benin). Of all these trips must be made to the one held by John Santarem and Pero Escobar in 1471, who discovered the region where it was to raise the fort of Sao Jorge da Minaand carried out the first gold recovery in the region (hence the name Gold Coast). Ferdinand powder reached the Bay Biafra and discovered the island which was given its name.

Lopo Gonçalves and Lopo de Sequeira passed the line equator, reaching Gabon and discovering the islands of São Tomé, Príncipe and Good Year.Concluded the contract with the Crown, Jonathan Gomes reached nobiliarquicamente receiving a coat of arms on 29 August 1474. It was also ennobled with the name of Mina, in discovery of the memory of this important center for gold deliveries from their browsers. He was appointed a Royal council in 1478. however, the overseas business, as demonstrated by their participation in 1477 the lease consortium of Madeira to Infanta Beatriz.

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